M.A. Gesche Schifferdecker | 31.10.2014 | 2203 Aufrufe | Dokumentarfilme

Ideal of Education among the European Nobility (17th – Early 19th Century) | Panel V: What do sources tell us?

"Ideal of Education among the European Nobility" is a conference organized by Wladimir Berelowitch (EHESS) and Vladislav Rjéoutski (DHI Moskau) and takes place at the German Historical Institute Moscow

Chaired by Maciey Serwański, Albrecht Burkardt (Limoges) is speaking on The origins of the Grand Tour. Travel in the treatises of education of the nobility from the 16th to the early 17th century (English). The Grand Tour as a key element of aristocratic education starts to be quite well-known even in its characteristics as a social practice. Still we know little about its origins. Of course, the practice is elder than its name, which does not mean that it has always been considered as an ideal. At the end of the sixteenth century, François de la Noue already observes that every year hundreds of young French noblemen travel to Italy – practice he doesn’t approve at all.

The education of Lutheran German-speaking nobility viewed through the prism of biographic information in funeral sermons (1550-1750) (English) will be discussed by Jean-Luc Le Cam (Brest). The Lutheran Reformation led to significant transformations of funerary practices. They resulted in combining an exegetical sermon with a funeral oration in form of a biography honoring the deceased and helping to instruct the community through the example of his pious life and death. The elites have become soon accustomed to then publish these sermons with their appended biographies as reminders, and some persons or institutions to collect them as devotional literature or biographical archives. Nobility is of course primarily concerned with these social and religious practices.

Ideal of Education among the European Nobility - Panel V: What do sources tell us?

In her contribution ‘As a perfect education’: plan of education for a young aristocratic lady by academician Jacob Staehlin in 1778 (Russian), Galina Smagina (St. Petersburg) will be talking about a plan of education that was composed by academician J. Staehlin following the request from Field Marshal and General Admiral and Vice-President of Admiralty Board count I. Chernyshev for his elder daughter countess E. Chernysheva (1766-1830) in French in 1788. Staehlin belived a young lady needed to get a vast and diverse education and should study ´the universal of all sciences’. She was supposed to know both exact sciences and the humanities. 

Wladimir Berelowitch (Paris/Genève) will be discussing Educational plans in private education in Russia in the second half of the 18th century (Russian). From the 1750s – 60s onwards so-called “plans d’éducation”, “plans d’étude”, “instructions”, etc. started to emerge in Russia both in the newly created schools and in the home education of young noblemen. In the latter case, they had to serve as a guide for families, tutors and teachers. Despite their obvious similarity, these texts represent certain variability, not only in their volume and detail, but also in their content. Especially these variations are interesting to study and to compare with the identity of the authors (heads of families, academics and teachers, foreign professors and tutors), with customers, with different often Western sources, in particular, with the very goal of the plan – whether has it been intended for a future military? for a civilian official? a courtier? an “honest” man? or all together?

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