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L.I.S.A. Redaktion | 08/20/2014 | 1135 Views | 1 | Movies by the Gerda Henkel Foundation |
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Follow-up Comments on Kalapodi

The Future | Episode 3

Summer 2013 saw the last excavation campaign in Kalapodi for the time being. Now the many archaeologists involved are busy systematically documenting the numerous finds and findings. But what comes next? What will happen next in Kalapodi? What questions remain unanswered? It is still unclear, for example, what significance the Oracle Sanctuary at Abai had for the entire Greek world in Classical times. Where are there settlements and necropolises in the vicinity of Abai? And what can new archaeological methods still achieve? These are questions we asked experts from the American School of Classical Studies in Athens, the University of Tennessee and the German Archaeological Institute in Athens.

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The Research Project
Around 1200 BC Greece’s high culture of the Late Bronze Age, which is now referred to as the Mycenaean period after its main discovery site the grand citadel of Mycenae, ended in a major catastrophe. The academic world has long suspected that this era was succeeded by a period of decline and stagnation, described as the “Dark Ages” (1200 to 850 BC). This was followed by the “Greek Renaissance” which bore the Polis system harking back to the heroic past of the Mycenaean period and laid the foundations for Greece’s great age, the Classical Period. However, more recent discoveries, the Necropolis at Lefkandi on Euboea in particular, suggest that a series of basic prerequisites for the rise of Greek culture during the first pre-Christian millennium had already been established during the “Dark Ages” themselves, which indicates that this was by no means a time of crisis. Nevertheless, aspects of religion and worship during this important period of Greek history remain largely unknown in the academic world.

More recent research attributes particular significance to the Sanctuary of Kalapodi in Phocis. Situated among gently rolling hills, it is close to an important Ancient trade route, which Pausanias described as Leofóros and which leads north of the Pass of Hyampolis at Thermopylae to Orchomenus, Livadia and Ancient Thebes. Since 2003, an international team from the German Archaeological Institute in Athens has been working in Kalapodi as part of a project supported by the Gerda Henkel Foundation and directed by Dr. Wolf-Dietrich Niemeier, a continuation of work carried out between 1973 and 1982 by his colleague from the Athens satellite of the German Archaeological Institute, Dr. Rainer Felsch. Today a selection of the abundant finds from this period are on display in the Archaeological Museum of Lamia. While previous teams succeeded in largely completing the excavation of the North Temple and its predecessors, which date back to the 9th century BC, the examination of the Archaic South Temple and its predecessors in particular was incomplete and so became the focus of the new excavation works in Kalapodi. The project that commenced in 2004 sought to identify a succession of sacred buildings that span the Archaic, Geometric and Protogeometric periods, leading right through to the Late Mycenaean period. Furthermore, the temples built on top of one another promised to reveal major insights into the oft-discussed genesis of the Greek temple as well as the highly probable ritual continuity of this site beyond the “Dark Ages”, which still constitute one of the most enigmatic periods of Greek history.

We already documented the excavations in Kalapodi in the first L.I.S.A.video series, which were continued in a second video series by a report on its progress.

Project leadership

Prof. Dr. Wolf-Dietrich Niemeier

Location

Kalapodi, Greece

Academic Project Manager
Prof. Dr. Wolf-Dietrich Niemeier
 
Film Project Manager
Dr.-Ing. Nils Hellner

Editorial Teams
Peter Prestel

Camera Technicians
Dr.-Ing. Nils Hellner
Klaus Hernitschek

Editing Technicians
Klaus Hernitschek

Project Assistants / Actors
Prof. Dr. Wolf-Dietrich Niemeier
Dr. Rainer Felsch
Dr.-Ing. Nils Hellner

Interviews with
Dr. Nancy Bookides (ehem. Assistant Director, Corinth Excavations, American School of Classic Studies, Athen)
Dr. Fanouria Dakoronia (ehemalige Ephorin der Antikenverwaltung, Lamia)
Prof. Dr. Irene Lemos (University of Oxford)
Prof. Dr. Catherine Morgan (Direktorin British School at Athens / King's College London)
Prof. Dr. Katja Sporn (Direktorin Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Athen)
Prof. Dr. Aleydis Van de Moortel (University of Tennessee, Knoxville)
Dr. Charles K. Williams II (Direktor Emeritus, Corinth Excavations, American School of Classic Studies, Athen)
Prof. Dr. James Wright (Direktor American School of Classic Studies, Athen)
Prof. Dr. Martin Zimmermann (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)
  
Overall Planning Teams
Gisela Graichen und Peter Prestel

All episodes
Cult continuity
Episode 1
08/06/2014
International response
Episode 2
08/13/2014
The Future
Episode 3
08/20/2014

Comment

by Dr. Zoppo Trump | 27.08.2014 | 16:00
Zitat Niemeier: "Manchmal hat man den Eindruck, der Maler der Chigi-Kanne hätte vor unserer Wandmalerei gesessen"
Sollte es bei einer derart geringen Anzahl von Fragmenten nicht eher so heißen: "Manchmal hat man den Eindruck, der Zeichner der Rekonstruktion der Wandmalerei hätte vor der Chigi-Kanne gesessen"? ;-)
Nix für ungut!
Zoppo

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